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Encyclopedias, Dictionaries, more

Reference Databases

American Indian History Online

American Indian History Online offers access to more than 15,000 years of culture and history through event and topic entries, biographies, images and videos, maps and charts, legends, primary sources, and timeline entries. This database allows for an interactive, multifaceted look at the indigenous peoples of North and South America.

Ancient & Medieval History Online

Ancient and Medieval History Online provides thorough coverage of eight civilizations-ancient Egypt, ancient Mesopotamia, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient and medieval Africa, medieval Europe, the Americas, and ancient and medieval Asia covering prehistory through the 1500s.

CREDO Reference

Credo Reference is a full-text online reference service. The collection includes over three million entries from hundreds of well-regarded titles from some of world's the best reference publishers. Credo’s collection contains dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedias, quotations and atlases, plus a wide range of subject-specific titles covering everything from art to accountancy, science to Shakespeare and law to literature.

Gale Virtual Reference Library

Provides access to a variety of electronic reference books in the areas of business, education, environment, history, law, literature, medicine, nation and world, religion, science and social science.



A Guide to Great Art Online Artcyclopedia's mission is to become the definitive and most effective guide to museum-quality fine art on the Internet. Searchable by artist's name, art movement, title, and museum.

Verified facts, information, and biographies from trusted sources gives you credible answers from published reference works – all in one place: 49 encyclopedias from sources like Oxford University Press and Columbia University Press & 73 dictionaries and thesauruses with definitions, synonyms, pronunciation keys, word origins, and abbreviations.

Encyclopaedia Judaica

Provides an exhaustive and organized overview of Jewish life and knowledge from the Second Temple period to the contemporary State of Israel, from Rabbinic to modern Yiddish literature, from Kabbalah to "Americana" and from Zionism to the contribution of Jews to world cultures.

Encyclopedia Mythica

Mythology, folklore and legend from around the world are covered in this searchable online encyclopedia. There are more than 6,000 article entries, 300 images, a pronunciation guide, and an assortment of genealogical tables (detailing the family trees of various gods and goddesses) and maps. Subjects include Arthurian legend; Greek, Roman, Asian, African, and Native American mythology; Egyptian and Mesopotamian mythology; Folklore; and Judaic mythology.

Encyclopedia Smithsonian

Encyclopedia Smithsonian helps answer frequently asked questions about the Smithsonian with links to resources on subjects from Art to Zoology. Each topic contains fact sheets, reading lists, related web links, and online exhibits from the Smithsonian.

Funk & Wagnall's New World Encyclopedia

This database provides encyclopedic entries covering a variety of subject areas.

Grove Art Online

Grove Art Online provides access to the Encyclopedia of Art which includes more than 45,000 signed articles and biographies on painting, sculpture, architecture, decorative arts, textiles, jewelry, design, photography, and other art and art history topics. There are links to 6,000 art images, maps, and line drawings from major collections such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art (New York), and the British Museum as well as to more than 40,000 to images on museum and gallery websites. Users will find links to ARTstor. Access to The Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, The Oxford Companion to Western Art, and The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms are also included.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP) was founded in 1995 as a non-profit organization to provide open access to detailed, scholarly information on key topics and philosophers in all areas of philosophy.

Internet History Sourcebooks Project

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use.

The ORB: Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies

ORB is a medieval site created and maintained by medieval scholars and intended for use by instructors and students. The publisher and founder of ORB is Lynn Harry Nelson, a professor of history at the University of Kansas. The rest of the editorial board includes 25 highly qualified scholars and academicians in the areas of medieval history, philosophy, religion, music, architecture, and language and literature. Articles are subject to review by at least two peer reviewers.

World Almanac

Searchable database that includes Funk & Wagnall's New Encyclopedia, The World Almanac and Book of Facts, The World Almanac of the U.S.A., The World Almanac of U.S. Politics, and The World Almanac for Kids.

World Book Advanced

Designed for high school and college students, World Book Advanced is a powerful reference tool that includes encyclopedic, multimedia, e-book, and primary source databases, fully integrated in a single search. It also contains individual accounts that allow users to create and save their work and timeline and citation builders.


Foreign Language Dictionaries


Wordreference - an online French/English dictionary

CNTRL - French/French online dictionary - French verb conjugator


Wordreference - an online German/English dictionary

Verbix - German verb conjugator


Wordreference - an online Spanish/English dictionary

Real Academia Española - Spanish/Spanish online dictionary

Verbix - Spanish verb conjugator

IPA Source

IPA Source is the web's largest library of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) transcriptions and literal translations of opera arias and art song texts.

Oxford English Dictionary (OED)

The definitive record of English language development, OED traces the evolution of more than 600,000 words over the last 1,500 years through 2.5 million quotations from a wide range of sources.

Oxford Music Online

Oxford Music Online is the gateway offering users the ability to access and cross-search multiple music reference resources in one location. With Grove Music Online as its cornerstone, Oxford Music Online also contains The Oxford Companion to Music (2002), which offers articles on composers, performers, conductors, instruments and notation, forms and genres, and individual works; and The Oxford Dictionary of Music, 2nd edition (revised 2006), which supplements Grove's more extensive articles with content geared toward undergraduates and general users. Oxford Music Online also features Colin Larkin's landmark Encyclopedia of Popular Music, 4th edition (2006), the comprehensive reference work devoted exclusively to popular music. EPM is the authoritative biographical encyclopedia of rock, pop, and jazz artists, covering popular music from 1900 to the present. 

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