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Encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, etc. are often a great way to start your research. They can help you understand your research topic, define terms that may appear in scholarly journal articles, and gather background information to build context.
CREDO ReferenceThis link opens in a new windowA full-text online reference service, CREDO contains dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries, thesauri, encyclopedias, quotations and atlases, plus a wide range of subject-specific titles covering everything from art to accountancy, science to Shakespeare and law to literature.
Oxford ReferenceThis link opens in a new window150+ academic subject, language, and quotations dictionaries with 240+ in-depth, specialized titles from Oxford University Press’s Encyclopedias and Companions.
Additional background information
Augustana subscribes to a few history resources that are a mix of background information, primary sources, and more in-depth resources. These databases may also help you build context and refine your research question/topic.
American History OnlineThis link opens in a new windowSpans more than 500 years of political, military, social, and cultural history to cover the American experience.
African-American History OnlineThis link opens in a new windowFeatures thousands of cross-referenced entries, covering the entire spectrum of African-American history over the past 500 years.
American Indian History OnlineThis link opens in a new windowAmerican Indian History Online offers access to more than 15,000 years of culture and history through event and topic entries, biographies, images and videos, maps and charts, legends, primary sources, and timeline entries.
Ancient & Medieval HistoryThis link opens in a new windowAncient and Medieval History Online provides thorough coverage of eight civilizations-ancient Egypt, ancient Mesopotamia, ancient Greece, ancient Rome, ancient and medieval Africa, medieval Europe, the Americas, and ancient and medieval Asia covering prehistory through the 1500s.
Modern World History OnlineThis link opens in a new windowCovers the broad expanse of world history from the mid-15th century to the present, featuring thousands of documents, articles, timelines, images, videos, and maps.
Answers for our most frequently asked questions (FAQs).
Beginning Your Research: General Resources
These resources provide access to magazine, newspaper and scholarly articles on a variety of topics.
Academic Search PremierThis link opens in a new windowA multi-disciplinary database with full text in many topics including the social sciences, humanities, general science, education and most areas of academic study.
ProQuestThis link opens in a new windowSearch a comprehensive file of periodicals for a broad range of subject areas including arts, business, children, education, general interest, health, humanities, international, law, military, multicultural, psychology, sciences, social sciences, and women's interests.
JSTORThis link opens in a new windowA digital archive includes more than 3,500 leading academic journals in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences, as well as select monographs. The most recently published issues (past 3-5 years) are generally not available.
Project MuseThis link opens in a new windowFull text access to a selection of prestigious humanities and social sciences journals.
Gale Primary ResourcesThis link opens in a new windowAn integrated research environment that allows users to search across all of their Gale primary source collections. Gale Primary Sources takes users beyond a simple search and retrieve workflow, allowing them to analyze content using frequency and term-relationship tools.
American Historical PeriodicalsThis link opens in a new windowHistory of the American people from the Colonial Era into the twentieth century, presenting North American thought, culture, and society through a variety of perspectives. Focused on American concerns, the periodicals were predominantly published in the US or Canada, though some were published overseas by Americans living abroad.